愚人节（April Fool"s Day或All Fools" Day），也称万愚节、幽默节，时间为4月1日，并未被任何国家认定为法定节日。下面是小编为大家收集的愚人节的.英文介绍，仅供参考，欢迎大家阅读。
April Fools" Day is a day to play jokes on others, No one knows how this holiday began but people think it first started in France.
In the 16 th century, people celebrated New Year"s Day from March 25 to April 1. In the mid—1560s King Charles IX changed it from March 25 to January 1. But some people still celebrated in on April 1, so others called them April Fools.
Each country celebrates April Fools" Day differently. In France, people call the April Fools "April Fish". They tape a paper fish to their friends" backs to fool them. When he or she finds this , they shout "April Fish!"
In England, people play jokes only in the morning. You are a "noodle" if someone fools you. In Scotland, April Fools" Day is 48 hours long. They call an April Fool "April Gowk". Gowk is another name for a cuckoo bird.
In the America, people play small jokes on their friends and any other people on the first of Aprol. They may point down to your shoe and say, " Your shoelace is untied." If you believe them and look down to see, you are an April Fool then.
April Fool"s Day 愚人节
1st April is a day to be careful, or you could easily get tricked by someone. It"s April Fool"s Day, a "for-fun-only" observance, a day when people traditionally like to try to make a fool of someone else and laugh at them.
There are lots of theories surrounding the origins of the day. As we look back in time, many ancient predecessors of April Fool"s Day are found.
A French legendry 法国关于愚人节的传说
The most widespread theory about the origin of April Fool"s Day links the day to the calendar reform in France.
In 1582 France became the first country to switch from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian calendar. This meant that the beginning of the year was moved from the end of March 25th and April 1st, various jokes would be played on him. This story might explain why April 1st became the date of the modern holiday.
Mythological roots 关于愚人节的神话起源
There have been quite a few attempts to provide mythological explanations for the rise of April Fool"s Day.
One story dates back to Roman mythology, particularly the myth of Ceres and Proserpina. In Roman mythology Pluto, the God of the dead, abducted Proserpina called out to her mother Ceres for help. But Ceres, who could only hear the echo of her daughter"svoice, searched in vain for Proserpina. The fruitless search of Ceres for her daughter was commemorated during the Roman festival of Cerealia and believed by some to have been the mythological antecedent of the fool"s errands popular on April 1st.
British folklore 英国民间传说
British folklore links April Fool"s Day to the town of Gotham. According to the legend, it was traditional in the 13th century for any road that the King travelled over to become public property. People in Gotham didn"t want to lose their main road and spread a false story to stop the King. A messenger was sent to Gotham after King John learned the people"s trick. But when the messenger arrived in Gotham he found the town was full of lunatics who were engaged in foolish activities such as drowning fish or attempting to cage birds in roofless fences. The King fell for the hoax and declared the town too foolish to warrant punishment. And ever since then, April Fool"s Day has supposedly commemorated their trickery.
Anthropological explanations 人类学的解释
Anthropological and cultural historians provide their own explanations for the rise of April Fool"s Day. According to them, the celebration traces its roots back to festivals marking the springtime.
Spring is the time of year when the weather becomes fickle, as if Nature is playing tricks on man, and festivals occurring during the spring traditionally mirrored this sense of whimsy and surprise. They often involved temporary inversions of the social order. Normal behavior no longer governed during the brief moment of transition as the old world died and the new cycle of seasons was born. Jokes, trickery, and the turning upside down of status expectations were all allowed.
In addition, the linkage between April Fool"s Day and the springtime is seen in another story that traces the origin of the custom back to the abundance of fish to be found in French streams during early April when the young fish had just hatched. These young fish were easy to fool with a hook and lure. Therefore, the French called them "Poisson d"Avril" or "April Fish". Soon it became customary to fool people on April 1st, as a way of celebrating the abundance of "foolish" fish.
In France today, April first is called "Poisson d"Avril." French children fool their friends by taping a paper fish to their friends" backs. When the "young fool" discovers this trick, the prankster yells "Poisson d"Avril!" (April Fish!)
In Scotland, April Fool"s Day is actually celebrated for two days. The second day is devoted to pranks involving the posterior region of the body. It is called Taily Day. The origin of the "kick me" sign can be traced to this observance.
Mexico and many Spanish-speaking countries have Innocent"s Day, on December 28, to make "innocent" a person with jokes and hoaxes. The origin for the pranking is derived from the Catholic feast day Day of the Holy Innocents for the infants slaughtered by King Herod at the time of Jesus" birth.
The New York April Fools" Day Parade was created in 1986 to remedy a glaring omission in the long list of New York"s annual ethnic and holiday parades. These events fail to recognize the importance of April 1st, the day designated to commemorate the perennial folly of mankind. In an attempt to bridge that gap and bring people back in touch with their inherent foolishness, the parade annually crowns a King of Fools from the parading look-alikes.
Gag gifts 恶作剧的礼物
What kind of pranks do people play on April Fool"s Day?
A good prank for most university"s is to print up a bunch of fake leaflets advertising a non-existent restaurant that has cheap eats and offers free food with the coupons printed on the leaflets. Most colleges have a student union, so the leaflets can be dropped off there and pinned up on various bulletin boards around campus.
When this is done, you can sit back and watch the marks wandering around looking for their free lunches.
Go Fish, Goldfish
When you are at someone"s house and they are having a party or people over, go to their main bathroom and put about a dozen goldfish in their toliet. This prank is hilarious because people won"t know what to do. They either go to the bathroom and flush the fish or they let them stay in there until someone scoops them out and they will end up with a dozen goldfish!
You"ll need a little bit of lightly sticky glue for this one--I suggest simply using a glue stick and smearing it. Put the glue on someone"s seat--imagine the trouble they"ll have getting up!